Cameron, S. H. (1960). "An Estimate of the Complexity
Requisite in a Universal Decision Network," Wright Air Development
Division, Report 60-600, 197-212.

Cannon Jr., R. H. (1967). *Dynamics of Physical Systems*.
McGraw-Hill, New York.

Carnahan, B., Luther, H. A., and Wilkes, J. O. (1969).
*Applied Numerical Methods*. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Carpenter, G. A. and Grossberg, S. (1987a). "A Massively
Parallel Architecture for a Self-Organizing Neural Pattern Recognition
Machine," *Computer Vision, Graphics, and Image Processing*,
**37**, 54-115.

Carpenter, G. A. and Grossberg, S. (1987b). "ART2:
Self-Organization of Stable Category Recognition Codes for Analog Input
Patterns," *Applied Optics*, **26**(23), 4919-4930.

Carpenter, G. A. and Grossberg, S. (1990). "ART3:
Hierarchical Search Using Chemical Transmitters in Self-Organizing Pattern
Recognition Architectures," *Neural Networks*, **3**(2), 129-152.

Carpenter, G. A., Grossberg, S., and Reynolds, J. H. (1991a).
"ARTMAP: Supervised Real-Time Learning and Classification of Nonstationary
Data by a Self-Organizing Neural Network," *Neural Networks*,
**4**(5), 565-588.

Carpenter, G. A., Grossberg, S., and Rosen, D. B. (1991b).
"ART2-A: An Adaptive Resonance Algorithm for Rapid Category Learning
and Recognition," *Neural Networks*, **4**(4), 493-504.

Casasent, D. and Telfer, B. (1987). "Associative
Memory Synthesis, Performance, Storage Capacity, and Updating: New Heteroassociative
Memory Results," *Proc. SPIE, Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision*,
**848**, 313-333.

Casdagli, M. (1989). "Nonlinear Prediction of Chaotic
Time Series," *Physica*, **35D**, 335-356.

Cater, J. P. (1987). "Successfully Using Peak Learning
Rates of 10 (and Greater) in Back-Propagation Networks with the Heuristic
Learning Algorithm," in *Proc. IEEE First International Conference
on Neural Networks* (San Diego 1987), M. Caudill and C. Butler, Editors,
vol. II, 645-651. IEEE, New York.

Cauchy, A. (1847). "Méthod Générale
pour la Résolution des Systémes d' E'quations Simultanées,"
*Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances del l' Académie
des Sciences*, Paris, **25**, 536-538.

Caudell, T. P. and Dolan, C. P. (1989). "Parametric
Connectivity: Training of Constrained Networks Using Genetic Algorithms,"
in *Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Genetic Algorithms*
(Arlington 1989), J. D. Schaffer, Editor, 370-374. Morgan Kaufmann, San
Mateo.

Cetin, B. C., Burdick, J. W., and Barhen, J. (1993a).
"Global Descent Replaces Gradient Descent to Avoid Local Minima Problem
in Learning With Artificial Neural Networks," in *IEEE International
Conference on Neural Networks* (San Francisco 1993), vol. II, 836-842.
IEEE, New York.

Cetin, B. C., Barhen, J., and Burdick, J. W. (1993b).
"Terminal Repeller Unconstrained Subenergy Tunneling (TRUST) for Fast
Global Optimization," *Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications*,
**77**, 97-126.

Chalmers, D. J. (1991). "The Evolution of Learning:
An Experiment in Genetic Connectionism," in *Connectionist Models:
Proceedings of the 1990 Summer School* (Pittsburgh 1990), D. S. Touretzky,
J. L. Elman, and G. E. Hinton, Editors, 81-90. Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo.

Chan, L. W. and Fallside, F. (1987). "An Adaptive
Training Algorithm for Backpropagation Networks," *Computer Speech
and Language*, **2**, September - December, 205-218.

Changeux, J. P. and Danchin, A. (1976). "Selective
Stabilization of Developing Synapses as a Mechanism for the Specification
of Neural Networks," *Nature* (London), **264**, 705-712.

Chauvin, Y. (1989). "A Back-Propagation Algorithm
with Optimal Use of Hidden Units," in *Advances in Neural Information
Processing Systems 1* (Denver 1988), D. S. Touretzky, Editor, 519-526.
Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo.

Chiang, T.-S., Hwang, C.-R., and Sheu, S.-J. (1987). "Diffusion
for Global Optimization in R*n*,"
*SIAM J. Control Optimization*, **25**(3), 737-752.

Chiueh, T. D. and Goodman, R. M. (1988). "High Capacity
Exponential Associative Memory," in *Proc. IEEE Int. Conference
on Neural Networks* (San Diego 1988), vol. I, 153-160. IEEE Press, New
York.

Chiueh, T. D. and Goodman, R. M. (1991). "Recurrent
Correlation Associative Memories," *IEEE Transactions on Neural
Networks*, **2**(2), 275-284.

Cichocki, A. and Unbehauen, R. (1993). *Neural Networks
for Optimization and Signal Processing*. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester,
England.

Cohen, M. A. and Grossberg, S. (1983). "Absolute
Stability of Global Pattern Formation and Parallel Memory Storage by Competitive
Neural Networks," *IEEE Trans. Systems, Man, and Cybernetics*,
**SMC-13**, 815-826.

Cohn, D. and Tesauro, G. (1991). "Can Neural Networks
do Better than the Vapnik-Chervonenkis Bounds?" in *Neural Information
Processing Systems 3* (Denver, 1990), R. P. Lippmann, J. E. Moody, and
D. S. Touretzky, Editors., 911-917. Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo.

Cohn, D. and Tesauro, G. (1992). "How Tight are the
Vapnik-Chervonenkis Bounds?" *Neural Computation*, **4**(2),
249-269.

Cooper, P. W. (1962). "The Hypersphere in Pattern
Recognition," *Information and Control*, **5**,324-346.

Cooper, P. W. (1966). "A Note on Adaptive Hypersphere
Decision Boundary," *IEEE Transactions on Electronic Computers*
(December 1966), 948-949.

Cortes, C. and Hertz, J. A. (1989). "A Network System
for Image Segmentation," in *International Joint Conference on Neural
Networks* (Washington 1989), vol. I, 121-127. IEEE, New York.

Cotter, N. E. and Guillerm, T. J. (1992). "The CMAC
and a Theorem of Kolmogorov," *Neural Networks*, **5**(2),
221-228.

Cottrell, G. W. (1991). "Extracting Features from
Faces Using Compression Networks: Face, Identity, Emotion, and Gender Recognition
Using Holons," in *Connectionist Models: Proceedings of the 1990
Summer School* (Pittsburgh 1990), D. S. Touretzky, J. L. Elman, T. J.
Sejnowski, and G. E. Hinton, Editors, 328-337. Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo.

Cottrell, M. and Fort, J. C. (1986). "A Stochastic
Model of Retinotopy: A Self-Organizing Process," *Biol. Cybern.*,
**53**, 405-411.

Cottrell, G. W. and Munro, P. (1988). "Principal
Component Analysis of Images via Backpropagation," invited talk, in
*Proceedings of the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers*
(Cambridge 1988), vol. **1001**, 1070-1077.

Cottrell, G. W., Munro, P., and Zipser, D. (1987). "Learning
Internal Representations from Gray-Scale Images: An Example of Extensional
Programming," in *Ninth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science
Society* (Seattle 1987), 462-473. Erlbaum, Hillsdale.

Cottrell, G. W., Munro, P., and Zipser, D. (1989). "Image
Compression by Back Propagation: An Example of Extensional Programming,"
in *Models of Cognition: A Review of Cognitive Science*, vol. 1, N.
Sharkey, Editor. Ablex, Norwood.

Cover, T. M. (1964). *Geometrical and Statistical Properties
of Linear Threshold Devices*, Ph.D. Dissertation, Tech. Report 6107-1,
Stanford Electron. Labs, Stanford University, CA.

Cover, T. M. (1965). "Geometrical and Statistical
Properties of Systems of Linear Inequalities with Applications in Pattern
Recognition," *IEEE Trans. Elec. Comp.*, **EC-14**, 326-334.

Cover, T. M. (1968). "Rates of Convergence of Nearest
Neighbor Decision Procedures," *Proc. First Annual Hawaii Conference
on Systems Theory*, 413-415.

Cover, T. M. and Hart, P. E. (1967). "Nearest Neighbor
Pattern Classification," *IEEE Transactions on Information Theory*,
**IT-13**(1), 21-27.

Crisanti, A. and Sompolinsky, H. (1987). "Dynamics
of Spin Systems with Randomly Asymmetric Bounds: Langevin Dynamics and
a Spherical Model," *Phys. Rev. A.*, **36**, 4922.

Crowder III, R. S. (1991). "Predicting the Mackey-Glass
Time Series with Cascade-Correlation Learning," in *Connectionist
Models: Proceedings of the 1990 Summer School* (Pittsburgh 1990), D.
S. Touretzky, J. L. Elman, T. J. Sejnowski, and G. E. Hinton, Editors,
117-123. Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo.

Cybenko, G. (1989). "Approximation by Superpositions
of a Sigmoidal Function," *Math. Control Signals Systems*, **2**,
303-314.

Cameron, S. H. (1960). "An Estimate of the Complexity
Requisite in a Universal Decision Network," Wright Air Development
Division, Report 60-600, 197-212.

Cannon Jr., R. H. (1967). *Dynamics of Physical Systems*.
McGraw-Hill, New York.

Carnahan, B., Luther, H. A., and Wilkes, J. O. (1969).
*Applied Numerical Methods*. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Carpenter, G. A. and Grossberg, S. (1987a). "A Massively
Parallel Architecture for a Self-Organizing Neural Pattern Recognition
Machine," *Computer Vision, Graphics, and Image Processing*,
**37**, 54-115.

Carpenter, G. A. and Grossberg, S. (1987b). "ART2:
Self-Organization of Stable Category Recognition Codes for Analog Input
Patterns," *Applied Optics*, **26**(23), 4919-4930.

Carpenter, G. A. and Grossberg, S. (1990). "ART3:
Hierarchical Search Using Chemical Transmitters in Self-Organizing Pattern
Recognition Architectures," *Neural Networks*, **3**(2), 129-152.

Carpenter, G. A., Grossberg, S., and Reynolds, J. H. (1991a).
"ARTMAP: Supervised Real-Time Learning and Classification of Nonstationary
Data by a Self-Organizing Neural Network," *Neural Networks*,
**4**(5), 565-588.

Carpenter, G. A., Grossberg, S., and Rosen, D. B. (1991b).
"ART2-A: An Adaptive Resonance Algorithm for Rapid Category Learning
and Recognition," *Neural Networks*, **4**(4), 493-504.

Casasent, D. and Telfer, B. (1987). "Associative
Memory Synthesis, Performance, Storage Capacity, and Updating: New Heteroassociative
Memory Results," *Proc. SPIE, Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision*,
**848**, 313-333.

Casdagli, M. (1989). "Nonlinear Prediction of Chaotic
Time Series," *Physica*, **35D**, 335-356.

Cater, J. P. (1987). "Successfully Using Peak Learning
Rates of 10 (and Greater) in Back-Propagation Networks with the Heuristic
Learning Algorithm," in *Proc. IEEE First International Conference
on Neural Networks* (San Diego 1987), M. Caudill and C. Butler, Editors,
vol. II, 645-651. IEEE, New York.

Cauchy, A. (1847). "Méthod Générale
pour la Résolution des Systémes d' E'quations Simultanées,"
*Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances del l' Académie
des Sciences*, Paris, **25**, 536-538.

Caudell, T. P. and Dolan, C. P. (1989). "Parametric
Connectivity: Training of Constrained Networks Using Genetic Algorithms,"
in *Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Genetic Algorithms*
(Arlington 1989), J. D. Schaffer, Editor, 370-374. Morgan Kaufmann, San
Mateo.

Cetin, B. C., Burdick, J. W., and Barhen, J. (1993a).
"Global Descent Replaces Gradient Descent to Avoid Local Minima Problem
in Learning With Artificial Neural Networks," in *IEEE International
Conference on Neural Networks* (San Francisco 1993), vol. II, 836-842.
IEEE, New York.

Cetin, B. C., Barhen, J., and Burdick, J. W. (1993b).
"Terminal Repeller Unconstrained Subenergy Tunneling (TRUST) for Fast
Global Optimization," *Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications*,
**77**, 97-126.

Chalmers, D. J. (1991). "The Evolution of Learning:
An Experiment in Genetic Connectionism," in *Connectionist Models:
Proceedings of the 1990 Summer School* (Pittsburgh 1990), D. S. Touretzky,
J. L. Elman, and G. E. Hinton, Editors, 81-90. Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo.

Chan, L. W. and Fallside, F. (1987). "An Adaptive
Training Algorithm for Backpropagation Networks," *Computer Speech
and Language*, **2**, September - December, 205-218.

Changeux, J. P. and Danchin, A. (1976). "Selective
Stabilization of Developing Synapses as a Mechanism for the Specification
of Neural Networks," *Nature* (London), **264**, 705-712.

Chauvin, Y. (1989). "A Back-Propagation Algorithm
with Optimal Use of Hidden Units," in *Advances in Neural Information
Processing Systems 1* (Denver 1988), D. S. Touretzky, Editor, 519-526.
Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo.

Chiang, T.-S., Hwang, C.-R., and Sheu, S.-J. (1987). "Diffusion
for Global Optimization in R*n*,"
*SIAM J. Control Optimization*, **25**(3), 737-752.

Chiueh, T. D. and Goodman, R. M. (1988). "High Capacity
Exponential Associative Memory," in *Proc. IEEE Int. Conference
on Neural Networks* (San Diego 1988), vol. I, 153-160. IEEE Press, New
York.

Chiueh, T. D. and Goodman, R. M. (1991). "Recurrent
Correlation Associative Memories," *IEEE Transactions on Neural
Networks*, **2**(2), 275-284.

Cichocki, A. and Unbehauen, R. (1993). *Neural Networks
for Optimization and Signal Processing*. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester,
England.

Cohen, M. A. and Grossberg, S. (1983). "Absolute
Stability of Global Pattern Formation and Parallel Memory Storage by Competitive
Neural Networks," *IEEE Trans. Systems, Man, and Cybernetics*,
**SMC-13**, 815-826.

Cohn, D. and Tesauro, G. (1991). "Can Neural Networks
do Better than the Vapnik-Chervonenkis Bounds?" in *Neural Information
Processing Systems 3* (Denver, 1990), R. P. Lippmann, J. E. Moody, and
D. S. Touretzky, Editors., 911-917. Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo.

Cohn, D. and Tesauro, G. (1992). "How Tight are the
Vapnik-Chervonenkis Bounds?" *Neural Computation*, **4**(2),
249-269.

Cooper, P. W. (1962). "The Hypersphere in Pattern
Recognition," *Information and Control*, **5**,324-346.

Cooper, P. W. (1966). "A Note on Adaptive Hypersphere
Decision Boundary," *IEEE Transactions on Electronic Computers*
(December 1966), 948-949.

Cortes, C. and Hertz, J. A. (1989). "A Network System
for Image Segmentation," in *International Joint Conference on Neural
Networks* (Washington 1989), vol. I, 121-127. IEEE, New York.

Cotter, N. E. and Guillerm, T. J. (1992). "The CMAC
and a Theorem of Kolmogorov," *Neural Networks*, **5**(2),
221-228.

Cottrell, G. W. (1991). "Extracting Features from
Faces Using Compression Networks: Face, Identity, Emotion, and Gender Recognition
Using Holons," in *Connectionist Models: Proceedings of the 1990
Summer School* (Pittsburgh 1990), D. S. Touretzky, J. L. Elman, T. J.
Sejnowski, and G. E. Hinton, Editors, 328-337. Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo.

Cottrell, M. and Fort, J. C. (1986). "A Stochastic
Model of Retinotopy: A Self-Organizing Process," *Biol. Cybern.*,
**53**, 405-411.

Cottrell, G. W. and Munro, P. (1988). "Principal
Component Analysis of Images via Backpropagation," invited talk, in
*Proceedings of the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers*
(Cambridge 1988), vol. **1001**, 1070-1077.

Cottrell, G. W., Munro, P., and Zipser, D. (1987). "Learning
Internal Representations from Gray-Scale Images: An Example of Extensional
Programming," in *Ninth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science
Society* (Seattle 1987), 462-473. Erlbaum, Hillsdale.

Cottrell, G. W., Munro, P., and Zipser, D. (1989). "Image
Compression by Back Propagation: An Example of Extensional Programming,"
in *Models of Cognition: A Review of Cognitive Science*, vol. 1, N.
Sharkey, Editor. Ablex, Norwood.

Cover, T. M. (1964). *Geometrical and Statistical Properties
of Linear Threshold Devices*, Ph.D. Dissertation, Tech. Report 6107-1,
Stanford Electron. Labs, Stanford University, CA.

Cover, T. M. (1965). "Geometrical and Statistical
Properties of Systems of Linear Inequalities with Applications in Pattern
Recognition," *IEEE Trans. Elec. Comp.*, **EC-14**, 326-334.

Cover, T. M. (1968). "Rates of Convergence of Nearest
Neighbor Decision Procedures," *Proc. First Annual Hawaii Conference
on Systems Theory*, 413-415.

Cover, T. M. and Hart, P. E. (1967). "Nearest Neighbor
Pattern Classification," *IEEE Transactions on Information Theory*,
**IT-13**(1), 21-27.

Crisanti, A. and Sompolinsky, H. (1987). "Dynamics
of Spin Systems with Randomly Asymmetric Bounds: Langevin Dynamics and
a Spherical Model," *Phys. Rev. A.*, **36**, 4922.

Crowder III, R. S. (1991). "Predicting the Mackey-Glass
Time Series with Cascade-Correlation Learning," in *Connectionist
Models: Proceedings of the 1990 Summer School* (Pittsburgh 1990), D.
S. Touretzky, J. L. Elman, T. J. Sejnowski, and G. E. Hinton, Editors,
117-123. Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo.

Cybenko, G. (1989). "Approximation by Superpositions
of a Sigmoidal Function," *Math. Control Signals Systems*, **2**,
303-314.